Sunday, December 31, 2017

What Is In and Out In 2018: The Maintenance and Reliability Edition

As James Kovacevic and I sat around and talked about trends in Maintenance and Reliability going into 2018 we noticed that we could see some elements that had fallen out of favor in 2017 (at least in North America) and others that have become the hot new thing. Out of that became the list you see above. Many of the decisions have been driven by the return of manufacturing demand and the need to meet customer orders. For example, many organizations have lost focus on Mean Time Between Failure and have instead decided to focus on Mean Time To Repair. In other words, they are focused on getting the asset back up and running quickly and not preventing the failure from happening to start with or preventing it from reoccurring. Others have given up on truly planning jobs and PM task and instead are just guessing at a schedule or “filling” the hours available. Many organizations are driving toward the more reactive choices “in order to meet demand.” With the exception of the items with an asterisk above, the items on both sides are the right choices if they are applied at the right time. You need all of them working in concert as part of a comprehensive plan to increase up time, reliability, and throughput. If you would like help building a plan for your organization reach out to us and let us show you how others are progressing with all of the elements in the right order and at the right time and avoiding the temptation to chase the shiny new silver bullet.

Friday, August 4, 2017

Why do people do training? 7 reasons we have been told.

Why do people do training? What a great question to explore your teams motives as well as your own. Here are 7 reasons we have heard recently. Let's look at each one and what it says about the organization and what you might do to improve your training ROI.
"My boss told me too..." Let's start with this common comment. On a positive note, at least the manager is providing training opportunities. Sometimes these participants are there as part of a manager's communication plan on a new topic. We see training used to introduce new concepts and improvement philosophies regularly with the hopes that the trainer creates awareness and desire to move in a new direction. If you are using training as part of your communication plan for a new initiative, don't let it be the first exposure. Make sure the attendee knows why they are going and why it is important that they develop this new skill. "What is important to my boss is important to me." Don't put all of the responsibility on the instructor to create desire. If the manager shows the importance, then the trainer can feed that and create more knowledge per given training time.  Other times the manager is just checking a box and "sending people to training." If this is happening, you are wasting training money, training time, and credibility. Just stop it.
"It's in the budget so we have to do it" This is a variation of the checking the box issue above and leads to training waste. Create a training needs assessment and identify the gaps that are holding you back. From this, create a training plan to address those gaps. Don't put the kids in charge of the cookie jar... create a plan. That plan is the start of getting an ROI from your training budget.

"It is a company paid vacation" When I hear this one, I know someone is checking the box or spending a budget and the training falls into a category that might possibly be a morale booster but certainly not a learning event. Put a stop to it and create and execute from the training plan.
"Training is good for the team" This is only true if someone comes back and does something better. If they don't, it is bad for the team because they have to pick up the slack while the people are out on "training."
"Training is good for morale" There are many studies that show training is indeed good for morale. Some even show that it is better than a raise. But, all this hinges on application of the training. In the training environment the student will get excited about the new information they learn. But, if they return and nobody will listen to them as they share what they learned and nothing changes to allow them to use the training, then morale will surely plummet. You will want to create a plan for how they are going to use the training as a whole and the specific learning objectives when they return. Enable their success and check in on them so that you can remove roadblocks. 
"We have a learning culture" This one warms my heart. Many companies have created a kind of continuous learning culture where training is on-going and is a regular part of the person's work habit. The key thing here is still application. It is great that we are continuously learning, but if we don't do anything with it, then it has a short retention period and offers no return on investment. This creates a life long learner instead of a continuous "improver". You are creating that guy who is still in school and has seven degrees at 39 and has never worked a day in his life.
"I enjoy learning new things" What a great person to have on your team. Now let's figure out how we can use their passion for knowledge to share with others as they continue learning. Can you let them be the aggregator and then empower them to distribute that knowledge to your organization? Could they be an internal coach, mentor, or instructor who boils down the lessons, and makes them site relevant for application?
In the end, to make your training dollar most effective, check these six boxes:
  • 1: Stop the nonsense
  • 2: Gap analysis
  • 3: Training plan
  • 4: Application plan for each training event
  • 5: Remove roadblocks to application 
  • 6: Empower your enthusiastic learners to share
What would you add?

Friday, March 31, 2017

PdM is Not Precision Maintenance (Coaches Corner)

Another great Coaches Corner post from Allen Canaday:
During a recent discussion with a student he asked me why the failure rate at their facility wasn’t improving.  Over the last two years they had invested in the purchase of various PdM (Predictive Maintenance) technologies and trained personnel on their use and application.  The facility had conducted a criticality analysis and SFMECA (Simplified Failure Mode Effects and Criticality Analysis) to determine their critical failure modes.  For the most part, they had purchased and trained on the PdM technologies that would best detect the early onset of the failure modes identified in their SFMECA.  Why were assets continuing to run to failure even though failure modes are being identified? Why aren’t the PdM technologies preventing failures in our facility, he asked?
The answer in two-fold. This wasn’t the first time I fielded this question.  When I asked the student about the precision maintenance techniques utilized in their facility, he asked, “What do you mean by precision techniques”?  This was exactly the answer I was expecting! PdM technologies are diagnostic tools designed to find the early onset of failure modes, these tools don’t make the repair for you, they just help you determine what needs to be repaired.  These tools can’t tell you exactly how long you have prior to functional or catastrophic failure, the data acquired from these tools only tell you your asset has a failure mode and if no action is taken, it will eventually fail.
Precision techniques and instruments, along with the proper training on their use, increases the probability that when the repair is made, failure modes aren’t introduced into the asset resulting from the corrective work.  Precision techniques include job plans that consists of proper task-step sequences and performance standards that convey proper tolerances and measures to the technician performing the corrective work.
Next, I asked the student to explain their backlog prioritization for planned work.  Again, he asked “What do you mean by backlog prioritization”? I explained that no matter what PdM technologies you utilize, the findings must be converted to a work order to be planned and scheduled.  Even the PdM generated work orders become part of the total backlog and must be scheduled based on their severity or risk to the organization.   Poor work order prioritization practices can render your PdM efforts meaningless unless your work execution practices are robust enough to effectively prioritize work orders in your backlog.
PdM is not precision maintenance!  The two complement each other.  However, without the implementation of precision maintenance in your work execution process, expect to continue making repetitive repairs on many of your assets, even on the assets you’re utilizing PdM technologies to detect the early on-set of failure modes.